The First D√°il

The First D√°il

The ‚ÄėFirst D√°il‚Äô of 1919. This D√°il was an assembly established by¬†Sinn F√©in¬†MPs¬†elected to the¬†House of Commons of the United Kingdom¬†in the¬†1918 United Kingdom general election. Upon winning a majority of Irish seats in the election (many uncontested), Sinn F√©in MPs refused to recognise the¬†United Kingdom parliament¬†and instead convened as the First D√°il √Čireann (translated as ‚ÄúAssembly of Ireland‚ÄĚ): the unicameral legislature of a new notional¬†Irish Republic, and the first Irish parliament to exist since 1801.
The first meeting of D√°il √Čireann occurred on 21 January 1919 in the Round Room of the¬†Mansion House: the residence of the¬†Lord Mayor of Dublin.¬†Being the first and highly symbolic meeting, the proceedings of the D√°il were conducted for the only time entirely in the¬†Irish language. The D√°il elected¬†Cathal Brugha¬†as its¬†Ceann Comhairle¬†(chairman). A number of short documents were then adopted, this included the Declaration of Independence, that asserted that the D√°il was the parliament of a sovereign state called the ‚ÄúIrish Republic‚ÄĚ; the D√°il established a cabinet called the Ministry or ‚ÄúAireacht‚ÄĚ, and an elected prime minister known¬†both as the ‚ÄúPr√≠omh Aire‚ÄĚ and the ‚ÄúPresident of D√°il √Čireann‚ÄĚ.

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